The Machinery Directive on safety systems in industry

The purpose of introducing the Machinery Directive is to ensure the safety of personnel operating industrial machinery. A machine bearing the CE mark and EC declaration of conformity is considered safe for operators. Therefore, should safety systems, including those that detect people, also be certified in accordance with the provisions of the Machinery Directive?

What is the Machinery Directive and which machines does it apply to?

The Machinery Directive contains the essential requirements that the machine must meet before it is placed on the market of the European Economic Area for the first time. Thanks to this, both the machine manufacturer and the buyer user can be sure that the product meets the safety standards. The Machinery Directive applies to:

  • individual machines (excluding certain machines with manual drive),
  • machine sets,
  • interchangeable equipment,
  • safety components,
  • lifting equipment,
  • detachable mechanical transmission devices,
  • partly completed machines,
  • chains, ropes and belts.

A detailed list of machines can be found in the annexes to the Directive.

What are the CE marking and the EC declaration of conformity?

By affixing the CE marking to the product, the machine manufacturer certifies that it product meets the requirements of the European Union in the field of both safety and health and environmental protection. Although in some cases the manufacturer may issue a CE certificate to the machine themselves, this is not the case for safety systems. CE markings are placed only on safety products that have passed the full certification process of the relevant notified body. Successful completion of this certification process is confirmed by the EC declaration of conformity. It is issued after the successful completion of the EC type-examination.

Ways to ensure the safety of employees in accordance with the Machinery Directive

The Machinery Directive provides for two ways of ensuring the safety of persons operating machinery: by means of built-in elements and by means of external elements. How are they different in the context of the DM?

1. Built-in safety elements

“Built-in elements” means components that are an integral part of the device. Therefore, in relation to the standard, they are considered as components ensuring the safety of the machine operation. They do not require separate certification even if the manufacturer places them on the market as replacement parts for the original safety components.

2. External safety elements

Those are understood as safety elements that can perform their function independently of the machine. Since they operate as separate devices, they are also subject to the DM certification process. These elements include not only safety systems, such as mats or fences, but also noise reduction devices or structures protecting against falling objects. A detailed list of safety components covered by the Directive can be found in Annex V to the Machinery Directive.

The Machinery Directive on safety systems that detect people

The Directive includes safety systems designed to detect the presence of persons as devices eligible for certification in accordance with its provisions. The situation becomes a bit more complicated when the certified system has functions that the legislator has not taken into account in the standards, e.g. artificial intelligence.

Those who would like to learn more about the certification of safety systems, can do so by reading this article.

Artificial intelligence in safety systems and the Machinery Directive

The Machinery Directive does not address machine learning in safety systems. To put it bluntly: this is an area that it does not yet regulate. The use of machine learning is described in other documents, including standards that are a kind of detailed technical specification. Unfortunately, at this point, the standards do not yet contain appropriate regulations for AI-based safety systems. Then what about the certification of such devices?

The use of machine learning in safety systems in the light of existing standards can boldly be considered as an innovation. Thus, if a product, due to its innovativeness, goes beyond the scope of available harmonised standards, certification becomes more costly and time-consuming, but not impossible. It is so because, in this situation, the manufacturer must prove that the product will provide safety and does not have the support of the relevant provisions in the standards on how such a procedure is to be carried out. In addition to verifying the documentation, the notified body may additionally carry out or have carried out relevant inspections, measurements and tests. They will confirm that the device meets the essential requirements of the Machinery Directive and specific requirements that are currently included in harmonised standards.

To sum up, the certification of a safety system that detects people, from the point of view of the provisions contained in the DM, is a necessity. The safety of workers is one of the priorities of the Directive. Consequently, both the safety system manufacturer and the verifying it notified body make every effort to ensure that the system is perfected in every respe

Warning and monitoring of traffic in hazardous areas

THERMOSAFETY LITE is a camera system designed to detect people as well as forklifts. It is a solution whose main application is  monitoring intersections with limited visibility, where pedestrians and forklifts often cross their paths.

The device consists of a stereovision camera and an AI system that analyzes the observed image and 3D space. When a human is detected, the device displays selected warning signals.

The device offers a unique networking capability, improving the range and accuracy of human detection – the functionality of the device can be expanded by connecting it to the THERMOSAFETY HUB.

Examples of TS LITE applications


Carts and other industrial vehicles pose the greatest danger when they appear suddenly. THERMOSAFETY LITE will monitor hidden areas and send warnings when a vehicle and worker are in the path of a collision.


THERMOSAFETY LITE can monitor areas where forklifts and pedestrians often move in the same area. A warning signal that lights up when pedestrians and forklifts are in the same area can prevent unpleasant situations.


Exits from the corridors directly onto the path are troublesome to secure. With THERMOSAFETY LITE, we can inform the approaching cart already in the corridor. Likewise, we will warn the cart driver of an approaching employee before the employee opens the door!

The THERMOSAFETY HUB allows for the construction of a network of THERMOSAFETY LITE devices. The High-Performance Server supports up to 8 stereovision cameras and is equipped with a PLC to control the devices.

High performance allows you to expand functionality! Using the power of the THERMOSAFETY HUB server allows you to combine observed areas, delineate warning zones, and history and analyze events. All with increased precision and detection performance.

Examples of TS HUB applications


Large plazas with increased cart traffic are areas where drivers should be extra careful. Such areas can be monitored using several THERMOSAFETY LITE devices and when people are detected, drivers can be informed of their presence.


Using THERMOSAFETY HUB with several THERMOSAFETY LITE cameras, we can monitor several, different sections of the same intersection. Recognition of approaching people or oncoming carts will allow effective traffic management at this location.


Some production areas are protected from the entry of workers. Their presence is allowed only at certain times. By combining THERMOSAFETS LITE, we can observe large production lines and alert people to entry at specific times.

Online system for event analytics

With selected THERMOSAFETY systems you will analyze the detailed history of events!